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Canada. Department of Indian Affairs. Blood Indian Agency fonds
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- Blood Indian Agency
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3.1 m of textual records
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The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. The Blood Indian Agency, situated between Fort Macleod, Lethbridge and Cardston, Alberta in the Treaty 7 region, consisted solely of the Blood reserve. Indian agents have included Norman Thomas Macleod (1880-1881), C.E. Denny (1882-1883), W. Pocklington (1884-1891), A.G. Irvine (1892), James Wilson (1893-1903), J.W. Jowett (1904), R.N. Wilson (1905-1911), W. Julius Hyde (1912-1913), W.J. Dilworth (1914-1918?), J.E. Ostrauder (1919?-1920?), Joseph Thomas Faunt (1921-1926), J.E. Pugh (1927-1941, 1946-1947), A. McMillan (1942-1944), J.S. Pugh (1945), and R.D. Ragan (1948).
Name of creator
The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / by Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. Treaty 4, the Qu'Appelle Treaty, was signed in 1874 by Cree and Saulteaux in 195,000 square kilometres in part of western Manitoba and most of southern Saskatchewan. Treaty 6, the Fort Carlton and Fort Pitt Treaty, was signed in 1876 by Plains and Woodland Cree in 312,000 square kilometres of central Saskatchewan and Alberta. Treaty 7, the Blackfoot Treaty, was signed in 1877 by Blackfoot (Siksika), Blood, Peigan, Sarcee (Tsuu T'ina) and Stoney in 130,000 square kilometres of southern Alberta and a corner of southwestern Saskatchewan. Under the provisions of these treaties, an annual payment was to be made at the rate of $25 to each chief, $15 to up to four councillors per band, and $5 to every other Indian man, woman, and child.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of correspondence (1899-1944) related to supplies, criminal and legal cases, farming, livestock and hospital; farm diaries (1904-1913); daily journal of agency clerk (1885); annuity pay lists (1887, 1900, 1905, 1907, 1919, 1920); lease payment lists (1919, 1920); list of band members (ca. 1902); and supply vouchers and invoices. RECORDS RELATED TO THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS ARE ALSO IN THIS FONDS. SEE INVENTORY FOR DETAILS AND FOR A MORE COMPREHENSIVE LIST: Adams Brothers Ltd., agricultural exhibitions, Alberta Penitentiary, Alberta Provincial Police, Alberta Railway and Coal Co., Alberta Railway and Irrigation Co., H.S. Allen and Co., Anglican Church (missions), Baker and Skelding, V.J. Beaupre, Big Rib, William Blackmore, "Kootenai" Brown, Thomas Brown, Brown Ranch Co., Emile Bull Shields, P. Burns and Co., Calgary Saddlery Co., Duncan Campbell, W.M. Campbell, Canadian North West Irrigation Co., Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), Cardston Implement Co., Cardston Milling Co., Cardston Trading Co., Catholic Church (missions), Garnet W. Chambers, Charcoal, coal, Cochrane Ranche, Cockshutt Plow Co., Charles F.P. Conybeare, Continental Oil Co., M.A. Coombs, Cowdry Brothers, Clarence E. Dangerfield, John Deere Plow Co., Trenholme Dickson, W.H. Fairfield, John L. Fawcett, John H. Gooderham, A.F. Grady, Great Northern Railway, Great West Saddlery, J.C. Hargraves, Thomas Harkness, Charles Farley Harris, Joseph Hicks, horses, George Houk and Co., Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire, International Harvester, William Smith Johnston, Raymond Knight, Knight Sugar Co., George Lane, William Laurie, Benjamin Lawton, Little Shields, lumber companies, J.A. Markle, John McDougall, George G. McFarquhar, Malcolm McKenzie, H.A. McKillop, Alexander G. McKinnon, McLaren Lumber Co., Macleod Agricultural Association, Macleod Farmers Elevator and Mill Ltd., Macleod Flouring Mills, Macleod Supply Co., Massey-Harris Co., Maunsell Brothers, Alfred C. Nash, New Oxley Ranch, North-West Mounted Police (NWMP, RNWMP, RCMP), Frank Pedley, petroleum industry, Reach and Co., Red Crow, Red Leggings, Reeves and Co., William Renwick, Rev. Jacques Riou, Running Crane, St. Joseph's Industrial School (Dunbow School), H.E. Sibbald, W.C. Simmons, Robert Simpson Western Ltd., smallpox, Spring Valley Ranch, W.H. Steed and Co., Stony Mountain Penitentiary, sun dance, Tom Three Persons, tuberculosis, Tudhope Anderson Co., Union Bank of Canada, Guy Weadick, Western Stock Growers Association, and First World War (enlistments).
Immediate source of acquisition
Gift of Blood Indian Agency, W.L. Templeton, Mrs. Ralph Eng, and Susan Bear Shin Bone, 1957-2012.
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No restrictions on access.
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Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.
Other Blood Indian Agency records are held by Library and Archives Canada. Microfilm copies of some of these records are available at Glenbow. The Provincial Archives of Alberta also has some records of the Blood Indian Agency.
Record No. M-1788;M-1789;M-1813;M-1826-(3-4);M-1829-1;M-2785;M-4792;M-9527;Microfilm-Blood<br><br>