Fonds glen-1450 - Canada. Department of Indian Affairs. Lesser Slave Lake Indian Agency fonds

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Canada. Department of Indian Affairs. Lesser Slave Lake Indian Agency fonds

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GLEN glen-1450

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  • 1911-1937 (Creation)
    Creator
    Lesser Slave Lake Indian Agency

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25.5 cm of textual records

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The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. The Lesser Slave Lake Indian Agency covered a vast area encompassing northern Alberta and parts of northeastern British Columbia and northwestern Saskatchewan in the Treaty 8 region. It consisted of Slave, Beaver, Saulteaux and Cree reserves including Boyer River, Upper Hay River, Hudson's Hope, Moberly Lake, Fort St. John, Duncan's, Dunvegan and Grande Prairie, Sturgeon Lake, Sucker Creek, Driftpile River, Swan River, Sawridge, Wabasca, Little Red River, Fort Vermilion and Grouard reserves. Indian agents included Harold Laird (1911-1930) and Napoleon Paul l'Heureux (1930-ca. 1945). The agency was later divided into the Lesser Slave Lake, Fort Vermilion, Fort St. John and Fort Norman agencies.

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Biographical history

The responsibility for Indian affairs in Canada has rested with the British Government, various colonial administrations and, since Confederation, with several branches and departments of the federal government. The Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessors have been responsible for such matters as treaties, reserves, provision of education, and supervision of agriculture on reserves. For a detailed administrative history see Records Relating to Indian Affairs (RG 10) / by Peter Gillis et al. - Ottawa : Public Archives of Canada, 1975. Treaty 4, the Qu'Appelle Treaty, was signed in 1874 by Cree and Saulteaux in 195,000 square kilometres in part of western Manitoba and most of southern Saskatchewan. Treaty 6, the Fort Carlton and Fort Pitt Treaty, was signed in 1876 by Plains and Woodland Cree in 312,000 square kilometres of central Saskatchewan and Alberta. Treaty 7, the Blackfoot Treaty, was signed in 1877 by Blackfoot (Siksika), Blood, Peigan, Sarcee (Tsuu T'ina) and Stoney in 130,000 square kilometres of southern Alberta and a corner of southwestern Saskatchewan. Under the provisions of these treaties, an annual payment was to be made at the rate of $25 to each chief, $15 to up to four councillors per band, and $5 to every other Indian man, woman, and child.

Custodial history

These records were left in an unoccupied building at the former agency office in Driftpile, Alberta. The office was moved to High Prairie in 1947.

Scope and content

The fonds consists of Indian agent's daily journals (1911-1914, 1916, 1918-1929, 1931-1937), annuity pay lists (1929, 1930) and surrender of Duncan's reserve pay list (1930).

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Gift of Mr. A.H. Murray, 1956-1959.

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  • The material is in English.

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Record No. M-1826 files 7, 8, 9;M-2218<br><br>

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