Garneau, Laurent

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Garneau, Laurent

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Laurent (Lawrence) Garneau, the son of a French Canadian fur trader and an Ojibway woman, was born around 1840 in Bay Mills Michigan. He left Michigan in 1859 to participate in the fur trade along the Missouri River, but abandoned his business as a result of Sioux activity in the area. Following his movement out of the Missouri, Garneau joined the Red River buffalo hunt, settling with the French Métis of the White Horse Plains. During the 1869 Red River Uprising, Garneau participated as one of Louis Riel's soldiers in resisting the transition to the Canadian administration of the northwest. After the uprising, Garneau joined the Métis migration out of the new province of Manitoba into the Saskatchewan River basin. Following a stint a with the Hudson's Bay Company, Garneau settled on the south side of the North Saskatchewan river opposite of Fort Edmonton in 1874. In 1885, Garneau was court-martialled and imprisoned due to his previous connection to Riel and for his actions during the 1869/1870 uprising. Following his release, Garneau remained in Edmonton and became involved in the politics of the area. In 1892, his candidacy for the territorial legislature was refused because of the allegations leveled against him in 1885. Garneau left Edmonton in 1901 for St. Paul de Métis, where he continued to homestead until his death in December 1921.

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