Fonds glen-2549 - James Hector fonds

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James Hector fonds

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Reference code

GLEN glen-2549

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  • Microfilmed 1970 (originally created 1857-1860) (Creation)
    Hector, James

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Physical description

1 microfilm reel

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Name of creator


Biographical history

Sir James Hector, 1834-1907, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland and educated at Edinburgh University. In 1857 he was appointed surgeon and geologist to the expedition headed by Captain John Palliser, which explored the Canadian West. He discovered the Kicking Horse Pass through the Rocky Mountains. He also studied the geology and ethnology of the areas explored. In 1861 he was appointed provincial geologist to the Province of Otago in New Zealand. In 1865 he became the Director of the Geological Survey of New Zealand. He established the Colonial Museum (now the National Museum), the Colonial Laboratory, and the Meteorological Service. In 1867 he became the first manager of the New Zealand Institute, and in 1868 he became first manager of the Botanic Garden in Wellington. He retired in 1903, and visited Canada and the Rockies once more in 1904. For further information see R.K. Dell's entry, "James Hector, 1834-1907 : Geologist, Explorer, Administrator", in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol. 1, 1990.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The fonds consists of correspondence, geological notes, and other records created while a member of the Palliser Expedition.

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Immediate source of acquisition


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Script of material

Location of originals

The originals are held by the Hocken Library, Dunedin, New Zealand.

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Restrictions on access

No restrictions on access.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

Inventory available. Please consult before requesting material.

Associated materials

Other Hector papers are held by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. Photocopies of the Museum of NZ papers, and a clearer microfilm of the Hocken papers, are held by the Saskatchewan Archives Board.

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General note

Call number Microfilm-Hector

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  • English

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