Oblates of Mary Immaculate

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Oblates of Mary Immaculate

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1816 to present

History

Oblates of Mary Immaculate, founded in France in 1816. In 1841, at the invitation of Bishop Bourget, Canada became their first foreign mission. With steady reinforcement from France and Canadian recruits, they moved up the Ottawa Valley, and in 1845 into the North-West, where the establishment of the Catholic Church in western Canada was largely Oblate work. Their first work was to bring Christianity to the natives, but in the West especially this led to a large role in bringing about reconciliation between the native peoples and the European settlers and civilization; Father Albert Lacombe was particularly important in this area.

From the time of Alexandre Taché, one of the first 2 Oblates to come to the West, and later second Bishop and first Archbishop of St-Boniface, Oblates provided the first bishops for most of the dioceses of western Canada. In 1848 they founded the College of Bytown, renamed the College of Ottawa in 1861 and, by Parliament in 1866 and papal charter in 1889, the University of Ottawa. In 1965 the Oblate foundation became U Saint-Paul, federated with the U of O, which was reconstituted as a secular university.

Since the 1920s the Canadian Oblates have also been active in foreign missions. They started in Basutoland in 1923 and have continued to be active in Africa and South America. There are now about 90 Canadian Oblates in this work. The Canadian community used to be organized into 11 provinces, but consolidation has reduced the number to 8. In 1993 there were 845 Oblate priests and 232 brothers in Canada

Places

Canada

Legal status

Active

Functions, occupations and activities

Their first work was to bring Christianity to Indigenous Peoples, but in the West especially this led to a larger role in bringing about reconciliation between First Nations and European settlers; Father Albert Lacombe was particularly important in this area. Monseigneur Alexandre A. Tache founded many new missions in the West and helped the large number of settlers who flooded into the region after 1845.

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

The Oblate Society was formed by Eugene de Mazenod (1782 - 1861) in 1816. Active oblates in northern Alberta included Bishops Breynat and Grandin and Monseigneur Grouard.

Relationships area

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

ath89.25 a and b

Maintained by

Institution identifier

ATH

Rules and/or conventions used

RAD

Status

Final

Level of detail

Full

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

November 27, 2018

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/oblates-of-mary-immaculate
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missionary_Oblates_of_Mary_Immaculate

Maintenance notes

Margaret Anderson
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