Fonds whyte-1089 - Parks Canada fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Parks Canada fonds

General material designation

Parallel title

Also known as the Canadian Parks Service collection.

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Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on accession records

Level of description


Reference code

WHYTE whyte-1089

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • [ca.1887-ca.1995] (Creation)
    Parks Canada

Physical description area

Physical description

ca.13,557 photographs: prints, negatives, transparencies: col. 35mm, 1 CD-ROM (556 digital scans) and other material.

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Archival description area

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Biographical history

Parks Canada administers national parks in Canada. The agency has been administered by several government departments and undergone numerous name changes over the years. Most recently it was known as the Canadian Parks Service. Parks Canada is responsible for the administration of mountain parks and, in some cases, townsites within these parks. Until 1990, it administered the town of Banff in Banff National Park. Parks Canada provides a variety of services to visitors and residents pertaining to interpretive and visitor information; trail, resource and wildlife management; fire protection, mountaineering search and rescue and avalanche control; facilities and utilities; townsite services etc.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Fonds consists of material pertaining to the mountain parks of western Canada. I.A. Banff National Park photograph collection, 1903-1965 (predominant 1920s-1950s), ca.1756 prints and negatives. Pertains mainly to Banff townsite and developments and facilities within the park. Included are private and government buildings, dwellings, roads and utilities; resource and wildlife development and management; visitor facilities; lodges, hotels and bungalow camps; warden and fire protection activities; Banff events; Norman Sanson trips and expeditions. I.B. Banff National Park warden service photographs, motion pictures and documentation pertaining to wardens, warden activities and cabins, wildlife management; ca.11,000 items. Series includes 2 National Parks Service motion pictures "Hunting without a gun",1930 and Stalking big game", 1930. I.C. Lantern slides, 2 sets (accn.3783); includes CPR lecture set, ca.1915, 145 items, and Canadian Rockies lecture set, ca.1920, 54 items, accompanied by lecture notes (stored with textual material M317). I.D. Cave and Basin project; copies of mainly snapshot prints acquired by the Cave and Basin restoration and re-development project, 1981-1985, from various individuals, 204 items. I.E. Yoho National Park collected photographs, ca.90 photographs : prints, pertain to Yoho National Park landscape, scenery, railway, places and facilities, including Field. Accompanied by 3 letters. Collected from numerous donors, including Kevin Hargadon, T. Lees, Ernie Plant, F. W. Yeats and Millie Adamson. I.F. Other, ca.90 items?; prints, transparencies, copy negatives, video recording. Includes: colour transparencies by Jack Holroyd and Bruce Gordon, 1966-1974, re Banff buildings and Protection Mountain mine; photographs of Bankhead, its people and activities used for project Bankhead: The Twenty Year Town by Ben Gadd, 1989; video recording, "Saskatchewan Glacier Clean-up 1994". CD-ROM includes scanned images from a photograph album "Public Works Projects 1930s Banff National Park" ; Tom Boon's photographs of Mount Royal Hotel fire, 1967, and photograph of C.A. (Alfred) Boon, Union Oil representative at Field and Banff, 1935. II. Sound recordings series, 1977-1985, ca.55 sound recordings : audio tape cassettes, audio tape reel. Series consists of: A. Yoho National Park human history study, 1977, 20 cassettes. B. Memoirs of the Warden Service oral history project, 1984, 15 interviews (29 cassettes). Project was conducted by Maryalice Harvey Stewart. Accompanied by report. C. Other, 1980-1985, 3 items, includes rededication ceremonies for Kootenay National Park and for the Park Museum, Banff, also recording pertaining to the Castleguard Caves. III. Textual records series, [ca.1887]-1994, ca.250 cm of textual records. Series consists of unpublished reports and management plans; visitor registers, summit registers, cabin and fire lookout registers (some with photographs); register of pack parties, Banff National Park, 1922-1933; maps and plans, including annotated warden service maps; warden records; surveyor notebooks; and transcripts and ephemera pertaining to ceremonies and events. Reports pertain to archaeological sites and research, national parks history, warden service, coal mining in the Bankhead area, predator studies, Cave and Basin, Radium Hot Springs, Ya Ha Tinda Ranch and other sites.

Notes area

Physical condition

Includes ca.55 sound recordings: audio tape cassettes, audio tape reel, ca.2.5 m textual records, and 9 motion pictures: si., b&w; 16mm. Extent is based on estimates. Fonds includes materials in both original and copy form.

Immediate source of acquisition

Acquired by donations and loans, 1974-2001, 2003;Gifts of and deposits by Parks Canada, individual national parks and staff, other repositories, and other donors, 1974-2001, Tom Boon, 2001. Banff townsite report, 1945, gift of the Town of Banff, 1995; Parks Canada Banff National Park, 2003


Language of material

  • Language is English

Script of material

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Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Some restriction/s on access;Copyright, privacy, commercial use and other restrictions may apply

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids
Finding aids and reference tools: electronic series description;basic description for processed material;basic description for Series I.A. Banff National Park photograph collection (accn.3783);accession record copies for unprocessed material;sound recording summaries and reference copy recordings;modern reference prints for Cave and Basin photographs

Associated materials

Associated material held by the National Archives of Canada and regional national records centres

Related materials


Further accruals are expected

General note

Record No. M317 / S23 / V488<br><br>

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